Heart worm commonly affect dogs but many other animals can suffer from this as well. In fact, a lot of the questions regarding this issue come from people who take care of cats, horse, wolves and foxes. Even sea lions are not immune to it. The good news is that this can be treated.
How can it be prevented? Often through the use of medicines such as Ivermectin. This drug can trigger a dog’s preventive mechanisms against this threat. There are tell-tale signs that owners should look out for such as chronic panting, coughing, and dullness.
How large are the worms? These parasites can grow to impressive lengths. The females of the species can reach 27 centimeters in adulthood. Meanwhile, the males can extend for up to 17 centimeters. These worms use others as vehicles for development. Mosquitoes are a good example. In the early part of their life cycle, the larvae can be found in these insects.
Is prophylaxis targeted solely on heart worms? No, this can be effectively against other types of parasites as well. It is routinely used against round worms, whip worms, and hook worms. How is it transmitted to their hosts? The larva that is at the third stage can be injected by mosquitoes through their loaded bites.
This problem is not isolated to any region. It occurs in different places around the world. The number of incidents often drops down during the mosquito breeding season in the colder months. They are dormant as the larvae are yet to grow. Get pets protected before the worms come. Have them injected with Ivermectin or milbemycin oxime. Ask the doctor for advice. Oral and topical forms are also available.
Treatments can be costly so be sure to check the prices of the drugs. These are typically given at long intervals. For instance, Ivermectin can be given starting a month before the mosquito season. This can last until two months after the season to ensure that residual carriers have all gone. A monthly dosage is often prescribed by veterinarians. As for therapy, they might recommend diethylcarbamazine.